China is among the most important representatives of the Third World countries in the fight against climate change. The Chinese economy and population continue to grow, exerting considerable pressure on natural resources. Increasing its industry scale the country is facing a number of difficulties, on one hand, to satisfy the growing markets /international and domestic /, and on the other hand the reduction of greenhouse gases and pollutants associated with the use of new technologies optimize and increase production efficiency, which is a serious financial challenge. China's economy is global because of the scale of the Chinese market and production. Rapid economic and industrial development of the country makes it one of the main producers of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the world. The scarcity of fresh water will have regional dimensions, as China will need to supplement them by imports. Global markets are dependent on cheap Chinese goods and services, so the overall decline of Chinese industry and economy, projected after 2020 will have global consequences.
CHINA - "World Factory "
China's economy is developing at a rapid pace over the last quarter century. The country has an annual economic growth of 9% - unprecedented in the world economy. That is why it is called "world factory ". Along with the rapid development of the economy grows the production of carbon emissions, which is an obstacle in fulfilling the commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Emerging economies of China has displaced the United States as the world's leading producer of carbon dioxide. However, between 7 and 14% of China's exports are sold in the U.S., which further complicates the international political relations because of emissions trading.
Indeed, many large companies, including manufacturers of hazardous substances and pollutants are part of multinational corporations from the U.S., Europe and Japan. Activities of these companies is to produce large amounts of cheap goods for export , while the consequences of this production remain physically on the territory of China - waste, hazardous substances , exploitation and pollution of natural waters , etc.